38 Fascinating Mount Everest Facts
The only way to evolve is to constantly learn new things. And today we shall be talking about Mount Everest facts that will help us do just that.
There are places in the world that are famous. Places worth the recognition, places with so much history that to even have little knowledge on them says “you care about your time here on earth”, enough to want to know about its historical markers.
I feel that by celebrating earth’s landscapes we are celebrating life itself. By becoming aware of its landmarks we are sharing in an historical experience that would help us see the perfect future for the planet.
it is with this in mind that we have decided to write on the subject matter Mount Everest Facts. We hope it is educating as it is entertaining.
1. Mount Everest Was Named After?
Mount Everest is considered the highest mountain in the world, straddling Nepal and Tibet in the Himalayas.
Mount Everest is named after the first surveyor general of India, a British surveyor by the name George Everest in 1856. Despite the fact that the mountain was already being called Chomolungma by the Tibetans and Sagarmatha by the Nepalese. (1)
2. Mount Everest Location
The location of the highest mountain in the world is another Mount Everest Facts that people are quite curious about.
It is said to be located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The international border between Nepal (Province No. 1) and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.
3. Mount Everest Heights
The highest mountain in the world is nothing if its very height is unknown to the knowledge seekers the world over. In fact without a known height there is no way we can call the mountain the highest right?
So what is the height?
Answer: 8,848 m (29,029 ft) , which is accepted by Nepal and China.
4. First Ascent To The Mountain Peak
In 1953, a ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt, returned to Nepal. And this time the expedition would score the first success story not after first suffering failure on its first ascent by the first pair, Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans.
Two days later, the expedition made its second and final assault on the summit with its second climbing pair, the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali Sherpa climber. They reached the summit at 11:30 local time on 29 May 1953 via the South Col route.
5. Mount Everest Deaths Already Recorded
Every great adventure come with great consequence and the trek to the summit of the highest mountain in the world is no different.
Right there at the center of our list of Mount Everest Facts sits the gory fact that the first recorded deaths on the mountain were seven porters who perished in an avalanche in the 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition.
And since then the mountain has recorded over 300 deaths.
6. The Oldest Person To Reach The Mountain Top
Reaching the mountain peak of Mount Everest is considered an extraordinary achievement and even the old are not left out.
The oldest climber is Yuichiro Miura from Japan who climbed in 2013 at the age of 80 despite undergoing two heart surgeries in 2006 and 2007.
He had earlier made the ascent as the oldest in 2003 at the age of 70.
7. The Youngest Climber To Reach The Peak
Alongside his father Paul Romero, his step-mother Karen Lundgren, and three Sherpas, Ang Pasang Sherpa, Lama Karma Sherpa, and Lama Dawa Sherpa, Jorden Romero from the USA would become the youngest climber to reach the mountain peak in 2010 at age 13.
8. The First Disabled Climber
Even disable persons are not left out in the pursuit of cresting their name on the golden pages of mountain climbers.
Tom Whittaker from the USA is the first disabled (had his right foot amputated after a car accident). climber to reach the mountain top.
His first attempt on Everest was in 1995. It was however on his third attempt on May 27, 1998, that he was finally able to reach the summit.
9. The Mountain Is Still Growing
One among the many Mount Everest Facts that is amazing is that this gigantic wonder is still adding to its already impressive height.
It is said to be growing 4mm per year. (2)
10. The Major Cause Of Death
It is true that the oxygen levels drop as climbers ascend. It is true that at that level the body uses more oxygen than it can replenish. But the real cause of death on the journey upwards is AVALANCHE!
11. Marriage At The Marriage Peak
We all dream of heaven on earth and nothing can defeat two lovers expressing their love and commitment on a level that is truly above what many mortals can afford.
in 2005, a Nepalese couple got married on the mountain peak. The couple stayed on the peak for around 10 minute, enough to run through the basic rituals.
12. Other Cause Of Mount Everest Deaths
Even though Avalanche is the main cause of deaths, there are also other common causes like frostbites, snow blindness, suffocation, starvation, and hypothermia.
13. Dead Bodies As A Path Way
Another interesting fact to take home from our list of Mount Everest Facts are the dead bodies.
It is said that there are over 200 dead bodies scattered all over the mountain. But even in death these dead climbers are helping other climbers to know if they are on the right path or not.
Who the hell is going to miss a dead body sign post.
14. Internet Reception On The Mount
The Peak is so up in the sky that many might think it is impossible to get mobile network. A hiker, Kenton Cool made the first tweet from the summit of the Mount.
The tweet read “Everest summit no 9! 1st tweet from the top of the world thanks to a weak 3G signal & the awesome Samsung Galaxy S2 handset! @samsunguk”.
However, there is high-speed internet on the way to Mount Everest.
15. A Year Without Death
The last year without a single recorded death on Everest was 1977.
16. First Call from Above
British mountain climber Rod Baber made the first call from the peak of the mountain on may 27 2007 using a Motorola MOTO Z8 phone from 29,035 feet.
First to a special voice-mail account and then to his wife.
He also sent a text message to a Motorola employee that read, “One small text for man, one giant leap for mobilekind — thanks Motorola.”
17. Open Grave
With a body count of over 200 scattered on the mountain, it is easy to say the body count makes it the highest open grave in the world.
18. The First Woman To Climb Mount Everest
There is always a first, some of which are worth mentioning for the simple reason that it might help a particular gender think better of themselves.
The first woman to climb mount Everest Junko Tabei (died on 20 October 2016).
She was the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest (on 16 May 1975), and the first woman to ascend all Seven Summits by climbing the highest peak on every continent.
19. First Solo Ascent of Mount Everest Without Oxygen
Reinhold Andreas Messner, an Italian explorer and mountaineer made the first solo ascent of Mount Everest, the first ascent of Everest without supplemental oxygen, along with Peter Habeler.
20. First Twin to Climb Mount Everest
Like i earlier said, a woman climbing mount Everest is an inspiration to her gender. And that fact was expressed when Indian twin sisters Tashi and Nungshi Malik, reached the summit of mount Everest on Sunday, 19 May 2013.
Becoming the first twin sisters in the world to do so.
21. First Female Amputee to Climb Mount Everest
The achievements of the female folks when it comes to Mount Everest would be incomplete without mention of the first female amputee to climb mount Everest.
The first female to reach the highest mountain peak is Indian Arunima Sinha.
22. Highest Number Of Times To Reach The Summit
The highest number of ascent to the mountain peak belong to a Nepali Sherpa guide by the name Kami Rita.
He has held the record for most ascents to the summit of Mount Everest since May 2018. On 20 May 2018, at age 48, Kami Rita became the first person in the world to climb Everest 24 times.
23. Mystery Disappearance of The First Climber
Among the many mount Everest facts, there is one that can only be described as a mystery. Both George Mallory and Sandy Irvine tried climbing the mountain in 1924 but did not make it back.
While Sandy’s ice axe was found in 1933 and the body of Mallory in 1999, the body of Irvine is still a mystery waiting to be solved.
24. The Meaning of The Mountain Native Names
The Nepalese call it Sagarmatha, which means “Forehead of the sky.”
The Tibetans call it Chomolungma, which means “Goddess Mother of Mountains.”
25. Deadliest Day on Mount Everest
April 25, 2015 became the new deadliest day in Everest history, when a magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed nearly 9,000 people in Nepal, 21 of them in an avalanche at Everest Base Camp.
26. The Dead Zone
The final 848 meters of Everest is called the Dead Zone. This area has little available oxygen for humans to breathe.
Most of the 200+ climbers who have died on Mount Everest died in the death zone.
27. Everest Base Camps
The mountain has two base camps on opposite sides.
South Base Camp is in Nepal at an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 ft) while North Base Camp is in Tibet at 5,150 meters (16,900 ft).
28. Fastest Ascent Without Supplemental Oxygen
Hans Kammerlander holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest ascent without supplemental oxygen of Mount Everest (16 hours and 45 minutes) since 1996.
29. First Woman to Summit Twice
Santosh Yadav an Indian mountaineer, is the first woman in the world to climb Mount Everest twice, and the first woman to successfully climb Mt. Everest from Kangshung Face.
She climbed the peak first in May 1992 and then again in May 1993.
30. Longest Stay on the Summit
It is one thing to get to the mountain top and another thing to linger there for long.
The man with the title is Babu Chiri Sherpa (June 22, 1965 – April 29, 2001), a Sherpa mountaineer from Nepal.
He spent 21 hours on the summit of Everest without auxiliary oxygen, a record which still stands.
31. Youngest Girl to Climb Mount Everest
The youngest female to reach the mountain peak Malavath Purna.
On 25 May 2014, Poorna scaled the highest peak of Mount Everest and, aged 13 years and 11 months, becoming the youngest Indian and the youngest girl in the world to have reached the summit.
32. The Oldest Woman to Climb Mount Everest
Women are the fascinating aspect to our list on mount Everest facts and we are excited to present to you, the oldest woman to have reached the peak.
in May 2002, she became the first oldest woman to accomplish that feat and breaking her own record at age 73, would become yet again the first woman to climb mount Everest in 2012.
33. First Person To Paraglide From Mt. Everest
Jean-Marc Boivin (6 April 1951 – 17 February 1990) the first person to paraglide from the summit of Everest on 26 September 1988.
He died from injuries incurred after BASE jumping off Angel Falls in Venezuela, the highest waterfall in the world.
34. Snowboard Descent of Everest
Our Mount Everest Facts has revealed different kind of descent from the mountain top but there is another which is equally amazing as the others.
Marco Siffredi was the first to descend Mount Everest on a snowboard in 2001 via the Norton Couloir. In 2002, he disappeared after making his second Everest summit, while attempting to snowboard the Hornbein Couloir.
35. The First Blind Person to Climb Mount Everest
This is by far the most unusual, among our list of Mount Everest Facts, the blind making it to the top is one of those uncommon stories.
Erik Weihenmayer is the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on May 25, 2001.
36. First Winter Ascent
Krzysztof Wielicki a Polish alpine and high-altitude climber, regarded as one of the greatest Polish climbers in history. is first ever to climb Mount Everest in winter.
37. First Full Descent on Skis
Davorin “Davo” Karničar is first person to ski down from the summit of Mount Everest, on October 7, 2000.
38. First Person to Reach the Summit From Three Different Routes
Kushang Sherpa is the Indian mountaineer, who in 1998 became the first person to reach the summit of Mount Everest from three sides.
I guess this is where we call it quit on this one. Hope our list of 38 Fascinating Mount Everest Facts was educating enough.