In the spirit of educating our readers, we shall be talking about the highest mountain in Africa, known as mount kilimanjaro. After all we are Africans and it would make no sense that we talked about the highest mountain in the world some days back and not shift the focus to Africa Today.
The highest peak on the African continent is located in Tanzania!
And the name is quite a popular one on the lips of her people. They call the mountain Kilimanjaro!
Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano, with a summit of about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) from its base, and 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level.
Facts On The Highest Mountain in Africa (Kilimanjaro)
2. Kilimanjaro as a large stratovolcano is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo, the highest; Mawenzi at 5,149 metres (16,893 ft); and Shira, the lowest at 4,005 metres (13,140 ft).
3. It is true that kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano but to be exact, both Mawenzi and Shira are extinct, while Kibo is the only one dormant and could erupt again.
4. Both Mawenzi and Kibo began erupting about 1 million years ago.
5. The youngest dated rocks at Mawenzi are about 448,000 years old.
6. Kibo is the largest cone on the mountain and is more than 24 km (15 mi) wide at the Saddle Plateau altitude. Kibo still has gas-emitting fumaroles in its crater.
7. It is said that Kilimanjaro was the original Kiswahili name for the highest mountain Africa.
8. The summit is known as Uhuru Peak, meaning “freedom peak” in Kiswahili.
9. It is believed that the German missionary Johannes Rebmann was the first European to report the existence of the highest mountain in Africa.
10. The oldest person to reach Uhuru Peak was Angela Vorobeva on 29 October 2015 aged 86 years and 267 days.
11. The oldest man to summit the mountain is the American Robert Wheeler, who was 85 years and 201 days when he summited on 2 October 2014.
12. A disabled Wheelchair user Bernard Goosen from South Africa reached the summit of Kilimanjaro, first in 2003 (took him nine days) and again reached the summit in six days in 2007.
13. In 2012, Kyle Maynard who has no forearms or lower legs, crawled unassisted to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
14. There are seven official trekking routes by which to ascend and descend the highest mountain in Africa: Lemosho, Lemosho Western-Breach, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe.
15. The main cause of death on Kilimanjaro is altitude sickness.
16. Natural forests cover about 1,000 square kilometres (250,000 acres) on Kilimanjaro.
17. Zebras and hyenas have been observed sporadically on the Shira plateau.
18. Kilimanjaro has two distinct rainy seasons, one from March to May and another around November.
19. On 13 August 2014, Swiss-Ecuadorian mountain guide Karl Egloff recorded the the fastest ascent and the fastest roundtrip by running from Umbwe Gate to the top in 4 hours and 56 minutes and returned to the Mweka Gate at 1,630 meters (5,350 ft) in a total time of 6 hours, 42 minutes and 24 seconds.
20. Not only is mount Kilimanjaro the highest mountain in Africa but also the fourth highest mountain in the world.
21. The mountain is located inside of the Kilimanjaro National Park. The park was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 1987.
22. On September 30th 2015, the first mass was carried out on mount Kilimanjaro by New Zealand native Fr. Antony Sumich.
And there you have it, 19 fun facts on the highest mountain in Africa known as mount Kilimanjaro and also as the rooftop of Africa.